Community Restoration & Vernacular Regeneration
Tongji University, College of architecture and urban planning, Shanghai
Shanghai, Zhongshan Village, Maogong Town, Guizhou China
6th international architecture workshop
01 > 13 March 2019: International Workshop
Designing Heritage Tourism Landscapes
International network of schools of architecture
Zhang Jianlong, Tongji University, College of architecture and urban planning
Mauro Marzo, Università Iuav di Venezia
Margherita Turvani, Università Iuav di Venezia
Yu Xingze, Tongji University, College of architecture and urban planning
Tongji University, College of architecture and urban planning , Shanghai – Università Iuav di Venezia (network leader)
scientific committee of the Designing Heritage Tourism Landscapes
Darío Álvarez Álvarez, Universidad de Valladolid, Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura – Roberta Amirante, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II – Roberta Borghi, École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Versailles – Gustavo Carabajal, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Facultad de Arquitectura, Planeamiento y Diseño – Luigi Coccia, Università di Camerino, Scuola di Ateneo di Architettura e Design “Edoardo Vittoria” Ascoli Piceno – Ángeles Layuno, Universidad de Alcalá, Escuela de Arquitectura, Departamento de Arquitectura – Mauro Marzo, Università Iuav di Venezia, Dipartimento di Culture del progetto – Cristiana Mazzoni, École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Strasbourg – Bruno Messina, Università degli Studi di Catania, Struttura didattica Speciale di Architettura, Sede di Siracusa – João Rocha, Universidade de Évora, Departamento de Arquitectura – Maria Salerno, École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture Paris-Malaquais – Antonio Tejedor Cabrera, Universidad de Sevilla, Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura – Fabrizio Toppetti, Università degli Studi di Roma Sapienza, Dipartimento Architettura e Progetto – Marina Tornatora, Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria, Dipartimento dArTe
Mauro Marzo, Università Iuav di Venezia – Matteo Dario Paolucci, Università Iuav di Venezia – Margherita Turvani, Università Iuav di Venezia – Jianlong Zhang, Tongji University, College of architecture and urban planning – Yu Xingze, Tongji University, College of architecture and urban planning
Peng Xinyue, Tongji University, College of architecture and urban planning
Lingyun Bao – Yuqing Dong – Hadi El Hage – Sijie Gao – Elisabetta Gastaldon – Julie Christine Krogstad – Chenhao Li – Michela Mondino – Giulia Moro – Thuy Hong Nguyen – Migena Shehi – Hongrui Sun – Ziyi Wang – Chun Xu – Yanrong Yang – Yiming Yuan
Zhong Shun Village is located in Maogong town, Liping County, Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture, Guizhou Province，the northern side of Maogong town is facing Meng Yan town, the eastern side is facing Bazhai village, the eastern side is Jiu Chao town, and the southern side is facing Yan Dong town, Kou Xiang village.
Zhong Shan village is located in the south of Maogong town, 52 kilometres from Liping County, 10 kilometres from the village of Maogong, stationed by the town government, mainly through a township road connection. The village garrison is 510 meters above sea level. There are 294 households in the village, with a total population of 1124 people, 8 villager groups, and there are 8 natural villages, they are named Gaobie, Gaoheng, Gaogui, Bianxia, Zhujialing, Pingtao, Zhongshan, Xiashan. The natural villages are far apart from each other. Zhongshan village is the only village in Magong town, which is composed of Han nationality, Dong, Miao, Yao, Zhuang and other ethnic groups. The land area of Zhongshan village is 21.29 square kilometres, the total area of cultivated land is 1717 mu, and the total area of the woodland is 18975 mu. The construction area of Zhongshan village is 193 mu, the total construction area of the village is 69180 square meters, the residential area of the village is 67680 square meters, and the whole residential area of the village is 42300 square meters. There are totally 282 residential buildings in the village, more double eaves, and less Hecang (granary), no Drum tower or flower bridge. There are more than 10 famous folk craftsmen in the village, including the music division, the senior carpenter, the Mason and so on.
In the acceleration of urbanization process in Liping County and the construction of cultural and creative town in Maogong Town, the relocation policy started in 2014. At present, Zhongshan village has relocated to more than 160 households in Liping County. Farmers have left the village in succession, and most of the residential houses are vacant. Although the per capita cultivated land has been relieved, the stable social organization structure of Zhongshan village has been seriously damaged, and the public life of the village is no longer active, and the public space of the village is increasingly negative.
In order to protect the original farming landscape culture, inherit traditional folk craft and develop new creative economy, we can form the social and economic development of Zhongshan village's sustainable development. The joint plan of the government of Maogong town and the Museum of the Dimen ecological museum is to introduce the new creative economic factors and population to the sustainable development of the Zhongshan Village. By upgrading the vitality of the village economy and culture, restoring the original social structure of the village, and forming a new village community, the geopolitical community is transformed into an economic, cultural, social and ecological community.
This design work in reference to “the guidelines for the protection and utilization of Chinese traditional villages and rural buildings” by the State Administration of cultural relics, it is emphasized that the traditional villages and cultural protection and inheritance should be strengthened in the renovation and reconstruction. Based on the evaluation of Zhongshan village environmental capacity and grasping the traditional Dong dwelling space prototype, in-depth analysis of contemporary traditional residential adaptability, so as to propose inherit Dong dwellings and fit the space characteristics of contemporary life style of new village houses.
The design should respect the environment of the base and implement the principle of being applicable, economical and beautiful.
It is essential to follow the design principles starting from the base environment. The way to create the value of the site environment is studying the background and requirements of the site environment, discovering and respecting the characteristics of the site environment. Specifically, the design should respect the local cultural environment under the objective of displaying the traditional farming landscape culture in Dong village, Qiandongnan. Eco-energy-efficient buildings should be designed according to local climate and infrastructure conditions, reflecting low energy consumption, low technology and low cost strategy
To fit the necessary work, exhibition, reception, learning and exchange activities, to provide a safe, comfortable and healthy work, study and cultural exchange environment for new residents in the new creative economy, the design should reflect the display of regional culture and pay attention to improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the utilization of the space inside and outside the building.
Strict control of construction standards and building size, pay attention to streamline the economy and to minimize future use and maintenance costs. According to the local climate and infrastructure conditions, use as much local materials and local craftsmanship as possible.
For appropriate embodiment of China's economic and technological level based on inheritance and excavation of regional cultural traditions, architectural forms, functions and the environment should be organic unity.
Requirements for planning and design
- The layout of the planning should be based on the functional requirements of the overall consideration, organic combination, and minimize the bulk of the single building or facilities according to the terrain environment.
- The building should combine as much function as possible and be much flexibly used.
- In addition to domestic sewage and waste water, the rest of the drainage shall not enter the village pipe network in line with the requirements of local municipal planning.
- Proper layout of the village square in order to organize outdoor activities.
Architectural design requirements
- The building function should be compound and space be shared, and the streamline is clear, and the relationship between the building volume and the environment should be handled well. The building forms and materials are adapted to the local climate.
- To discuss the new technology and method of building fire protection, heat insulation, heat insulation, sound insulation and so on.
- The design dimension of the building should be in modularization as possible, in favour of the standardization and integration of the building parts in the future.
(click the images to enlarge)
Rethinking the village
students Hadi El Hage, Julie Christine Krogstad
Learning from tradition: private space into public space
students Elisabetta Gastaldon, Michela Mondino, Giulia Moro
Tourism as a tool for preserving rural areas
students Migena Shehi, Hongrui Sun
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