Undergraduate and graduate programmes offered by the University iuav of Venice:

HERSUS | Sustainable Reconstruction in Urban Areas

 

international workshop

 

18 and 19 November 2021

online

 

22 > 26 November 2021

On-site

 

1, 9 and 15 December 2021

online

 

organised under the Erasmus Plus project “HERSUS - Enhancing of Heritage Awareness and Sustainability of Built Environment in Architectural and Urban Design Higher Education”

 

participating universities

University of Belgrade, Faculty of Architecture - Project Coordinator; UniversitÓ Iuav di Venezia, Italy; University of Cyprus, Cyprus; Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece; University of Seville, Spain

 

in collaboration with

Comune di Vicenza

Soprintendenza archeologia belle arti e paesaggio per le province di Verona, Rovigo e Vicenza

 

organised by UniversitÓ Iuav di Venezia

Emanuela Sorbo, Enrico Anguillari, Sofia Tonello, Giulia Rossi, Federica Alberti, Gianluca Spironelli, Marco Tosato

 

tutors - UniversitÓ Iuav di Venezia

Sofia Tonello, Giulia Rossi, Federica Alberti, Gianluca Spironelli, Marco Tosato

 

with the participation of
MarÝa F. Carrascal PÚrez, CREhAR Unesco Team, Ana Nikezić, Associate Professor Faculty of Architecture, University of Belgrade, Chiara Occelli, Councillor of National University Council, full professor - Politecnico di Torino, Giuseppe Rallo, Architect - Superintendency for Architectural Heritage and Landscape in Venice metropolitan area, Βelluno, Padova and Treviso,  Andreas Savvides, Assistant Professor - Department of Architecture UCY - Athina Vitopoulou, Assistant Professor - Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

 

 

 

programme >>

 

phases >>

 

applications >>

 

ECTS (CFU) >>

 

guest-experts >>

 

students >>

 

case study >>

 

themes and goals >>

 

list of selected students: determination of approval [ITA] >>

 

list of selected students [ITA] >>

 

 

programme

 

The workshop is an opportunity for students to get involved in the city and develop a different attitude toward cultural heritage and sustainability. An extraordinary historical and cultural heritage characterises Valmarana-Salvi Gardens in Vicenza. Currently, the site is configured as a fragment, excluded from contemporary urban life. Abandonment sites are a relevant case study to think about sustainable Reconstruction in urban areas strategies.

 

Students should rethink the tools and strategies for adapting buildings, gardens, or cities and balance memory conservation and contemporary design experimentation. The workshop aims at analysing the historical urban context, not as a problem of protection and far from everyday life, but as a resource that has new roles in the redesigning of the city in a sustainable way.

 

Students should deal with sustainable reconstruction in a professional, methodological and respectful way. They will approach the topic of reconstruction from a holistic multidisciplinary point of view. At the same time, they will gain specialist knowledge about sustainable technical solutions and materialisation.

 

Participation in the workshop will be evaluated following the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) according to each local university in line with the schools’ regulations. All students will receive official certificates of participation from the Hersus Project Coordinator.

 

 

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phases

 

The workshop is organised into 3 phases.

 

Phase 1: 18 and 19 November (online)

Students will attend the online presentation of the workshop activities and the five lectures on sustainable reconstruction in urban areas.

 

The five Lectures will provide a shared background among different educational paths of the students involved in the workshop activities.

> heritage and urban context

> best practices and tools for sustainable reconstruction in Urban Areas (social, cultural, economical or environmental)

> reuse of historical heritage, best practices and examples

> Collective perception of urban spaces

> Narrative and accessibility design tools for reconstruction in urban areasá

> Regeneration and temporarily reuse of abandoned places and buildings for reconstruction in urban areas

 

Phase 2: 22 > 26 November (on site)

Each group will be required to set up a digital and shareable map (Google Earth app) to mark the main points of its specific theme of research (limits, social spaces, urban voids). The map promotes the sharing of thoughts and can be used both on-site, during the visit to Vicenza, and remotely as an instrument to support further research and study.

During the first days of work, the outputs will be three maps, later joined and uploaded into a database to allow and stimulate information sharing.

The overall purpose is to set up an operative workflow to store, access, and share students' ideas and all forms of information concerning each workshop phase (such as images, sketches, photos). Students should use this tool to develop their knowledge of the city at different scales (urban, garden and architectural).

Students will analyse the aesthetic perception of places through transformations and sedimentations over time (day/year/century). Valmarana-Salvi Gardens can be read as the result of the changes on the historical centre of Vicenza. Buildings, their position in the urban fabric and the richness of their materials (historical, social, cultural, economic), shaped the city of Vicenza.

The gardens and the city visit will be an opportunity for a critical-interpretative study of the elements that compose them. In this case, the surfaces should be considered the threshold and perceptive aspect of the continuous transformation over time (day/night - new/ancient). Historical-Critical Analysis is the central tool for students to have a clear comprehension of intangible values through the material elements that compose the urban surfaces. Students are going to achieve critical awareness and analytical tools necessary to develop design solutions for Urban Areas sustainable Reconstruction.

At the end of the workshop, students should present their results using the adequate scale of representation (from urban to architecture detailing scale) in one A1 vertical layout board and one Diary/Dossier (A4 horizontal layout). The workshop aims to involve students in a transversal and multiscalar thought process to integrate the historical centre of Vicenza, Valmarana-Salvi Gardens and socially, culturally and environmentally sustainability of contemporary design actions.

 

Phase 3: 1 and 9 December (online)

During two critical sessions, students will show the progress of their work.

Professors and tutors will advise on the final output on the following issues:

> contents

> graphical representation

 

All student projects developed during the workshop will be published on the HERSUS Sharing Platform (a sharing platform developed by Iuav in the frame of the project) as a virtual exhibition scheduled for 15 December 2021.

 

detailed programme >>

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applications

 

deadline for applications: 25 October, 11.59 pm CEST

 

download the call for application [ITA] >>

 

list of selected students: determination of approval [ITA] >>

 

list of selected students [ITA] >>

 

 

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ECTS (CFU)

 

4 cfu type D will be awarded to Iuav students enrolled for 2021/2022 a.y. in the following master’s degrees who complete all the phases of the workshop:

- master’s degree in architecture (in Italian);

- MA in architecture (in English);

- planning and urban design

 

 

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guest-experts

 

During the workshop, five international speakers will discuss the theme of sustainable reconstruction in urban areas, addressing the issue from multiple aspects and points of view. Topics will be presented through good practices and tools for sustainable reconstruction (social, cultural, economic or environmental) in urban areas, the reuse of historical heritage, and collective perception of urban spaces. Among the proposed research topics will be the regeneration and the temporary reuse of abandoned places and buildings, the analysis of tools for narrative design and the accessibility for reconstruction in urban areas.

 

 

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students

 

The workshop will involve students from various study programs (architectural design, interior design, architectural technologies, structural engineering, urban planning, urban design, integral urban development, sustainable development). To enhance different cultural backgrounds, students' workgroups will be composed of one student for each university.

 

 

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case study

 

Vicenza

The City of Vicenza is an ancient city in the foothills of the Veneto Region.

Its geographical position in the alluvial corridor between the Berici and Lessini mountains and the plain is an important historical crossroads between Lombardy and eastern Veneto.

The first evidence of this urban centre goes back to the Roman castrum's foundation in the II century. B.C.

Romans organized the city centre on a quadrangular plan of 500 x 600 meters. Today we recognize the Decumano Maximus, now Corso Palladio, the Cardo Maximus, probably Corso Fogazzaro. The early medieval city has transformed the Roman geometries by redesigning the limit in less rigid forms, nearly as a circle, following the natural and geomorphological limits of the territory and partially leaning on the Bacchiglione river. The forma urbis included green areas close to the walls that penetrated towards the Ponte degli Angeli and the large fenced area of ​​Campo Marzo.

The urban asset of Vicenza Historical Centre is made up of a wide variety of urban elements and, since its origins, it has had a close relationship with the green system and the geomorphological system (such as the waterways and the surrounding hills).

Vicenza rose and prospered during the Venetian period from the beginning of the 15th century until the 18th century. During the 15th Century Andrea Palladio and his pupils, as Vincenzo Scamozzi, worked in the city and changed its appearance. The palazzi, or townhouses, were fitted into the urban asset of the medieval city, creating picturesque ensembles and continuous street facades in which the Veneto Gothic style combines with Palladio's articulated classicism.

The major urban transformations took place from the XIX century when road transport began. In this period, the railway and the areas of Campo Marzo and Parco Querini were built.

The bomb attacks of the Second World War (1943-45) hit the city hard, destroying numerous valuable and cultural buildings. After the war, starting from the 1950s, strong economic and industrial development made it one of the richest cities in Italy: many public buildings were rebuilt, a lot constructed ex-novo and the new residential neighbourhoods saturated the voids.

Urban transformations have brought a substantial change in the definition of green spaces, with the new buildings and the city expansion. In the historic city centre of Vicenza, only the sixteenth-century Valmarana-Salvi Gardens maintained their identity unchanged. In 1946, the Trade Fair was inaugurated in the new pavilions of the Vicenza Fair in Valmarana-Salvi Gardens. In the 70s, the new West Industrial Zone began to take shape with the new headquarters of the Fair. Vicenza became the world capital for gold processing and the third Italian province for exports.

 

Unesco Serial Site

The city of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas in Veneto are part of a Unesco Serial Site that includes the city of Vicenza and twenty-four Palladian villas. Since 1994 the city of Vicenza, twenty-three buildings attributed to Palladio and three extra-moenia villas has been inscribed in the World Heritage List. From 1996 twenty-one villas located in different Veneto provinces have been registered to the same Unesco Serial Site.

 

Valmarana-Salvi Gardens

Valmarana-Salvi Gardens were opened to the public starting from 1592, and in 1645, Gianluigi Valmarana asked for a glorious entrance, no longer existing, in front of the previous Revese Bruti arch. This transformation connected the area to Campo Marzo and made this site part of an urban promenade that linked the city to the territory.

Valmarana-Salvi Gardens are the result of many transformations during the time. Modifications and the position next to the historical centre have always been considered a critical value of this site.

In 1897 the neighbouring wall was replaced by a wrought iron gate, visually connecting the garden with the outside and the nearby Campo Marzo.

The strategic location of Valmarana-Salvi Gardens, located near one of the oldest entrances in the city (Porta Castello) and directly accessible from the train station, favoured transformations during the 19th and 20th centuries. The gardens were the site of significant cultural events during this period. Among all, we can mention the Veneto Regional Exhibition of Decorative Art and the Trade Fair. Between the two loggias, it is possible to find two pavilions designed by Sergio Ortolani. From 1947, these buildings hosted the Trade Fair of Vicenza and have undergone many transformations that incorporated the ancient medieval walls into the modern buildings.

Due to the industrial and manufacturing development of the city and the territory over the years, Valmarana-Salvi Gardens spaces became inadequate. Between 1964 and 1971, instead of hosting the Trade Fair, the Garden pavilions started to host small temporary exhibitions. Later on, the pavilions were transformed until the mid-1980s into a Cinema, then the house of an athletics gym, and since 1994 of a dance society.

Between 2008 and 2011, part of the building was used by the Department of Business Administration of the University of Verona. The Giusti school was closed in 2010, and the Giardini Valmarana-Salvi Gardens pavilions are now used for social and cultural activities.

Currently, the garden spaces are open to the community, but the abandonment of the site and the conservation status of the buildings prevent fair usage.

 

*revised text from master’s degree research thesis: “Fiera della nostra storia. Restauro, valorizzazione, creativitÓ. Un nuovo centro espositivo per l’ex Fiera Campionaria di Vicenza” 2016-2017 a.y. by Margherita Possamai, Sofia Zanotto. Relator: prof. Emanuela Sorbo

 

 

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themes and goals

 

Collective perception of urban spaces through time and memory.

The Valmarana gardens, as a place of "delight", returned to the city

Keywords: Cultural and Collective Memory, Public Advocacy for Social Participation

The aim is to rethink the urban role of Valmarana-Salvi Gardens and their related buildings, highlighting the collective and historical value of the area. The analysis aims to relate the public spaces of the historical centre of Vicenza with the garden and its buildings. The place's valorisation will include, at different scales, new connection spaces for the city and the community of Vicenza.

Objectives:

The topic provides solutions concerning the enhancement of the collective memory of Valmarana-Salvi Gardens. Students achieve critical awareness and analytical tools necessary to develop design strategies for environmental, social and cultural sustainability for Urban Areas reconstruction. From the urban scale to the “garden” scale, students should focus on identifying historical and contemporary community places of Vicenza (the study could be developed from the scale of 1:500 to 1:10000). At Valmarana-Salvi gardens dimension, the analysis should relate the urban community aspect to the garden and its buildings (the study could be developed from the scale of 1:500 to 1:100). This analysis aims to develop environmental, social and cultural sustainability for the public spaces of the historical centre of Vicenza and the abandoned building in Valmarana-Salvi Gardens.

 

Accessibility, routes and paths.

A cultural approach to the project as a tool for critical and multi-scale reading of the historical city relational spaces

Keywords: Design for all in Cultural Heritage, Cultural Routes and Itineraries,

The purpose is to relate Valmarana-Salvi Gardens and their buildings with the urban context through a critical interpretation of the signs and traces of time and history of Vicenza. Paths could become an evaluation tool for a sustainable redevelopment project of the historic centre and its heritage. The first moment of evaluation in the field will allow students to immerse themselves in the city and identify the design solution's values.

Objectives:

The topic aims at identifying accesses, routes and paths that bound Valmarana-Salvi Gardens to the historical centre of Vicenza. Students achieve critical awareness and analytical tools necessary to develop design solutions to translate the historical path in narrative and accessibility design tools for urban areas' environmental, social and cultural sustainable reconstruction.

The analysis will concern architectural and urban scales. Students will recognise the value of the connection and accessibility in buildings and gardens on the architectural scale (the study could be developed from the scale of 1:500 to 1:100). According to the urban scale, they will imagine the analysis of the relations between the historical centre of Vicenza and Valmarana-Salvi Gardens through the historical and contemporary experience of the city roads and accesses (the study could be developed from the scale of 1:10000 to 1:500).

 

Reading the city through its urban ruins.

Re-design purpose for the “waiting” places cultural network

Keywords: Cultural Routes and Itineraries, Regeneration, Temporary planning and Meanwhile spaces

The topic considers abandoned places as suspended fragments, part of a network of "waiting" places within the urban area. In the sustainable reconstruction of cultural heritage background, the analyses will aim at recognising gardens, private buildings, former monastic complexes, industrial areas etc., as tools for understanding the city over time and as an opportunity for valorising the Historical Centre.

Objectives:

The topic aims at changing the perception of abandoned sites and buildings, such as Valmarana-Salvi Gardens and other monumental or culturally relevant areas in Vicenza. Students achieve critical awareness and analytical tools necessary to develop design programmes and tools to investigate, regenerate and temporarily reuse abandoned places and buildings for urban areas' environmental, social and cultural sustainable reconstruction.

The analysis will concern architectural and urban scales. Students will identify and map the culturally, historically and socially relevant abandoned places and buildings in the historical centre of Vicenza (the study could be developed from the scale of 1:10000 to 1:500). They will translate the network of "waiting" sites into a sustainable reconstruction

 

 

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contacts

hersus@iuav.it